Bio-Resonance Results Glossary Vitals Skin Health and Functions


Your skin plays such an important role in protecting your body, you should keep it as healthy as you can. This will help you keep from getting sick or having damage to your bones, muscles, and internal organs.

Skin Callous

A callus (or callosity) is a toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation. Rubbing that is too frequent or forceful will cause blisters rather than allow calluses to form. Since repeated contact is required, calluses are most often found on feet because of frequent walking. Calluses are generally not harmful, but may sometimes lead to other problems, such as skin ulceration or infection.


Skin Collagen

Collagen is a vital fibrous protein that is found all throughout the body; it connects and supports tissues including skin, bone, muscles, tendons, cartilage and organs. It’s the main protein in connective tissue and is responsible for skin firmness and suppleness. s your skin loses collagen, it loses elasticity and, on average, we lose about 1% of our collagen every year after the age of 20!

The more collagen we lose, the more fine lines and wrinkles appear, which is why it is essential that we work to increase our collagen levels as we age. We accomplish this not only through topical products, but also by living a healthy lifestyle, which addresses nutritional and emotional needs for optimal skin health. Try eating foods that are rich in collagen boosting ingredients such as embryonic foods that contain amino acids (eggs, beans and seeds), antioxidants, which inhibit damage to collagen (pomegranates and goji berries are great) and good fats (like walnuts and avocado). Also, do your best to avoid exposure to sun, pollution, cigarettes, alcohol, drugs, pesticides, toxins and stress, which all contribute to collagen loss and ultimately older looking skin.


Skin Elasticity

The protein elastin is found in connective tissues throughout the body. It is notably found in the extracellular matrix of the skin as well as the internal organs of the body. The elastin protein is flexible and gives many tissues their elasticity. The ability of skin to stretch and then return to its normal state afterward is called elasticity. Unfortunately, a loss of elasticity in the skin is a natural part of aging known as elastosis. Elastosis may be worse in people who spend a lot of time in the sun. UVA (aging) and UVB (burning) rays weaken the skin’s support system of collagen and elastin – thereby accelerating the skin’s aging process.


Skin Free Radical

Free radicals are charged chemical particles of oxygen that enter into destructive chemical bonds with organic substances such as proteins. The result is an oxidation, or chemical burning, of the substance, which destroys it. Protein is denatured, genes may be broken and dangerous residual substances may result from the chemical changes. Exposure to sunlight is known to lead to oxidative destruction of the skin, including increased incidence of skin cancer and the collagen-destroying processes causing wrinkling. Strenuous aerobic activity has been associated with increased free radical formation. The evidence of free radical production leading to oxidation and tissue damage is real. Free radicals  cause damage to our skin’s DNA that can speed along skin ageing. This is called the free radical theory of ageing.

Sleep enables the body to reverse everyday free radical damage by replenishing energy, building new cells and repairing connective tissue. Because sleep is an ideal time for cellular renewal and overall repair for the skin and other organs, poor sleep is quite apparent in the complexion.

Other things that can support the body in fighting free radicals include Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and melatonin. The combination of vitamin C, vitamin E and melatonin may represent one of the most effective ways to get enough of these antioxidants into the skin to impede collagen destruction, encourage collagen production, reduce facial wrinkles and undo sun damage. 

Foods such as citrus fruits, carrots and pomegranates are high on the long list of healthy sources of antioxidants. Green tea is a great source of the powerful antioxidant group called catechins. Lycopene is perhaps the most potent dietary antioxidant. It is found in abundant supply in tomatoes, carrots and other yellow, red and orange fruits and vegetables. Cold water fish provides essential omega-3’s which can also be beneficial.


Skin Grease

Oil(sebum) is produced by sebaceous glands and secreted through pores. Sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily matter called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair. In humans, they are in the face and scalp, everywhere, except the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. The type of secretion of the sebaceous glands is referred to as holocrine.

Nasal sebum, also known as nose grease/oil, is grease removed from the surface of the human nose. The pores of the lateral creases (where the nose joins the face) of the exterior of the nose create and store more oil and grease than pores elsewhere on the human body, forming a readily available source of small quantities of grease or oil. The grease is a particularly oily form of sebum.


Skin Immunity

Skin immunity is a property of skin that allows it to resist infections from pathogens. In addition to providing a passive physical barrier against infection, the skin also contains elements of the innate and adaptive immune systems which allows it to actively fight infections. 


Skin Inflammation

Skin inflammation can be characterised as acute or chronic. Acute inflammation can result from exposure to UV radiation (UVR), ionizing radiation, allergens, or to contact with chemical irritants (soaps, hair dyes, etc.). This type of inflammation is typically resolved within 1 to 2 weeks with little accompanying tissue destruction. In contrast, chronic inflammation results from a sustained immune cell mediated inflammatory response within the skin itself. This inflammation is long lasting and can cause significant and serious tissue destruction. When the skin is exposed to a “triggering” stimulus, such as UV radiation, an irritant (e.g. soaps or fragrances), or to allergens, the cells in the skin produce a variety of inflammatory “hormones” called cytokines and chemokines. These “inflammatory messengers” bind to specific receptors on target cells and stimulate the production of additional inflammatory signaling “hormones”. Some of these cause vasodilation while others activate nerve cells. Still other cytokines cause immune cells to leave the blood and migrate into the skin where they then produce more inflammatory hormones, as well as enzymes, free radicals, and chemicals that damage the skin. The result of the initial triggering event is the amplification of a large inflammatory response that, while designed to help the skin fight infection from invading bacteria, actually causes considerable damage to the skin.


Skin Melanin

This the pigment that gives human skin, hair, and eyes their colour. Dark-skinned people have more melanin in their skin than light-skinned people have. Melanin is produced by cells called melanocytes. It provides some protection again skin damage from the sun, and the melanocytes increase their production of melanin in response to sun exposure. Freckles, which occur in people of all races, are small, concentrated areas of increased melanin production.


Skin Moisture

Skin has what is called a “moisture barrier.” This is the barrier of the skin that is responsible for keeping moisture in and bad bacteria out (keeping in mind that there’s always a mix of yeast and p. acnes bacteria, among others, present on the skin). However, this barrier can become stripped away, which makes skin lose moisture at a rapid rate, leading to the production of more sebum (oil) to “compensate,” as well as more bacteria to feed on the dead skin cells and sebum. As a result, skin becomes more sensitive, dry, oily, dull, and potentially broken out. It also will heal slower and respond more viciously to skin remodelers (actives such as AHA, BHA, BP, sulfur, and tretinoin).

Dehydrated skin can present itself differently in many people. it usually has two or more of the following symptoms:

  • Lackluster, dull
  • Sallow or “tired,” almost sickly looking
  • Has no real “bounce” or spring to it — looks dry and wrinkly when pulled taut
  • Prone to congestion, particularly closed comedones
  • Burns and feels irritated when applying bland moisturizers
  • Feels very dry and tight when cleansed
  • Very oily in appearance, but feels bone dry in places and flakes very badly in spots

However, before explaining methods to fix dehydrated skin, you need to first understand why skin becomes dehydrated.


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